INFECTIOUS DISEASES: MALARIA – WIDESPREAD DISEASE

An infectious disease caused by a parasite known as the “Plasmodium” and transmitted by infected mosquitoes of the Anopheles family; several forms of malaria are known. At least four different Plasmodia have been associated with human malaria. These Plasmodia get into the red blood cells and ultimately destroy them. As a part of the process, malarial chills or paroxysms occur, giving rise to the different forms of malaria – the types that are irregular, the types that come regularly every two, three, or four days. A typical malarial paroxysm begins with a feeling of coldness, then of heat and finally of sweating. New drugs have been discovered which are extremely effective against malaria. Most of them are related to quinine. Malaria is probably the most widespread disease in the world. It can be controlled through control of the mosquitoes that spread it. Such control involves the cleaning up of swamps, removal of excess rain water, spraying of areas with oils or insecticides that destroy the mosquito in various stages. People who are constantly exposed to malaria in tropical areas take either quinine or the new drugs every day one hour before sunset. They screen their beds at night and keep the air moving to get rid of the mosquitoes. During the day suitable clothing is worn to prevent access of the mosquito to the skin.
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INFECTIOUS DISEASES: MALARIA – WIDESPREAD DISEASEAn infectious disease caused by a parasite known as the “Plasmodium” and transmitted by infected mosquitoes of the Anopheles family; several forms of malaria are known. At least four different Plasmodia have been associated with human malaria. These Plasmodia get into the red blood cells and ultimately destroy them. As a part of the process, malarial chills or paroxysms occur, giving rise to the different forms of malaria – the types that are irregular, the types that come regularly every two, three, or four days. A typical malarial paroxysm begins with a feeling of coldness, then of heat and finally of sweating. New drugs have been discovered which are extremely effective against malaria. Most of them are related to quinine. Malaria is probably the most widespread disease in the world. It can be controlled through control of the mosquitoes that spread it. Such control involves the cleaning up of swamps, removal of excess rain water, spraying of areas with oils or insecticides that destroy the mosquito in various stages. People who are constantly exposed to malaria in tropical areas take either quinine or the new drugs every day one hour before sunset. They screen their beds at night and keep the air moving to get rid of the mosquitoes. During the day suitable clothing is worn to prevent access of the mosquito to the skin.*29/318/5*

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